潜在失效模式与风险分析 Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)

潜在失效模式与风险分析是在产品设计阶段和过程设计阶段,对构成产品的子系统、零件,对构成过程的各个工序逐一进行分析,找出潜在的失效模式,并分析其可能的后果,从而预先采取必要的措施,以提高产品的质量和可靠性的一种系统化的活动,并将全部过程形成文件。通过潜在失效模式与风险分析,可以尽可能早地识别关键部件及弱点,减少研发时间,优化生产策咯。

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FMEA is a systematic procedure for analysis of potential failure modes within a system. In FMEA, failures are prioritized according to how serious their consequences are, how frequently they occur and how easily they can be detected. As an important tool during Advanced Prod-uct Quality Planning (APQP) and one of the core tools for implementing ISO/TS16949 Standard, it is widely used in manufacturing industries in various phases of product life cycle.

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